1. Introduction
Language is the most important instrument in human life. Man could not live without using language, both of oral and written. Language is a symbol used to express the ideas, and feelings to others, namely from waking up, eating, bathing, sleeping up again, or doing a variety of other human activities, are not spared from the use of language.
According to Chaer (2004: 11) language is a system of symbol, in the form of sound, are arbitrary, productive, dynamic, diverse and humane. A language has a specific rule or pattern is the same. However, because the language used by speakers of heterogeneous and has a background behind social and habits are different, so the language becomes various. This is consistent with the statement Kridalaksana (2008: 225) that defines sociolinguistics as a branch of linguistics that studies relationship and interplay between language behavior and social behavior.
Rapid the development of Social Media such as Facebook has appeared new varieties of language. The term variety here is used to refer to a set of linguistic forms used under specific social circumstances (Holmes, 2001, p. 6). Users of Facebook may belong to a certain community and have their own way or style in communicating with other users. This way or new style of communicating may initiate new varieties. As virtual communications such as Facebook interaction involve written forms of language use, Alay is one of written varieties which can be found. The term Alay is usually used to describe the use of a certain language particularly Indonesian in social media which is different from the use of the language in standard use. Alay variety is believed to be distinctive especially in terms of its written form which includes its spelling system.
In using alay variety, users tend to modify vocabularies of Indonesian, for example, in terms of its spelling system. This modification is mostly done by combining numbers, abbreviations, capitals or lower cases in one word or more.
The way people express their minds through speech or writings do provide clues to others about who they are, where they are from, even into which community they belong to (Holmes, 2001, p. 2). These clues do help to create attitudes towards certain varieties and the users of the varieties. People may have opinions or judgments about somebody from the way he or she writes or talks.
Communication in the virtual world, person may use the alay variation in using language. As the study is aimed to revealing the use of alay variety in particular. In creating words, the users of an alay variety seem to be so „creative‟ in making words that people sometimes misunderstand the meaning of the words.
The using social media for communicate each other make negative effect to Indonesian standard language. It is seen in the vocabularies and also in the sentence rules of Alay language that did not use the Indonesian grammar. Therefore the writer interest to do this research about new language variation in Indonesia that always used by Indonesian`s youngsters on facebook especially students of MA At-Tarbiyah. In this research the writer will focus on two problems, namely about form of alay language used by students of MA At-Tarbiyah in their facebook and also about the vectors of using alay language in their facebook.
2. Statement of the Problem
Based on the explanation of background of study above, in order to this research can be more focus so can be formulated with the research problem as follows:
1. What are forms of alay language used by students of MA At-Tarbiyah on facebook?
2. What are the vectors of students MA At-Tarbiyah using alay language on facebook?
3. Objective of the Study
Referring to formulation of the problems mentioned above, the purpose of study can be stated as follows:
1. To know the forms of Alay language that used by students of MA At-Tarbiyah.
2. To describe the vectors of Alay language that is usually used by students of MA At-Tarbiyah.
4. Significance of the Study
The result of this study is expected to give contribution theoretically and practically for the writer and other researchers who have the same interest in language study, especially in Alay language. So, they can use this study as the reference the other research.
5. Definition of Key Terms
1. Language
Language is a system of arbitrary vocal symbol used for human communication (Wardhaugh, 1977.3)
2. Word Formation
Words –formation process is a way of forming new words or terms from the use of old words George Yule, (2010: 53)
3. Alay
Alay is a symptom that experienced by the youngsters of Indonesia, who wants to be recognized their status among their friends. These symptoms will change the writing style, and the style of their dress.
(Wulandari, Linda.S.“Penggunaan-bahasa-alay-dalam-jejaring-sosial-”http://bahasa.kompasiana.com/2012/09/05 (posted on Januari 3 2013)
4. Facebook
Facebook is a popular free social networking website that allows registered users to create profiles, upload photos and video, send messages and keep in touch with friends, family and colleagues. (Luhan in Basuki (1992)
6. Limitation of the Study
In this research, to avoid broad explanation in this research, so the writer will focus his analysis on the forms of alay language that usually used by the students of MA At-Tarbiyah. The writer takes all of data or the examples of Alay language that have been classified and put into the table.
7. Theoretical Approach
This chapter will focus on discussing some theories which the researcher used as his guidance of conducting this research. Here the researcher tries to quote some opinions from the experts that he considered relevant to his study and present them here. The contents of this chapter are;
7.1 Sociolinguistic
Generally sociolinguistic explain about relation between language with the speakers of language as the members of society. This case refer to function of language generally namely as the communication tool. Sociolinguistic usual defined as the branch of linguistic that discussed the relation and the influence between behavior of language and behavior of social. (Kridalaksana, 2008: 225).
According to Chaer (2004: 3) “sociolinguistic adalah kajian tentang ciri khas variasi bahasa, fungsi variasi bahasa, dan pengunaan bahasa. Ketiga unsur ini berinteraksi dan saling mengubah satu sama lain dalam satu masyarakat tutur, identitas sosial dari penutur, lingkungan sosial tempat peristiwa tutur terjadi serta tingkatan variasi dan ragam linguistic”.

Based on the quote above can be explained that sociolinguistics involves three important things, namely language, society, and relationship of language with the community. Language and society is a unified and cannot be separated. Language as important things in communication will always be present in all the necessities of human lives.
Based on some of the definitions according to experts mentioned above, it can be concluded that sociolinguistics is the branch of linguistics that related to sociology closely. The relationship between the language of the social factors within a speech community, can be studied on various and language variation.
7.2 Language Variation
According to Chaer (2004: 61), language has a system and sub-system that is understood by all speakers of the language. However, despite the speakers of the language being in a speech community and not a homogeneous group of human beings, so the language that used not same each others. Language variations are a form of change or difference of various manifestations of language, but not contrary to the rules of language.
In a variation of the language, there are two views. First, the variation seen as a result of social diversity of the speaker and the diversity of the language function. So, these variations occur as a result of the social diversity and deversity of the language function. Second, variation or language diversity has been exists to fulfill its function as the interaction tools in the diversity activity of society (Chaer, 2004: 62).
Kridalaksana (2008: 253) said that language variation as a unit that at least has two variations of the language that was chosen by the speaker. The variation depends on factors such as gender, age, social status, and situation. The variation was considered as an systematic because of interaction between social factors and language factors.
Based on the understanding of language variation according to the experts above, variations in language can be concluded as the diversity of languages commonly used and does not conflict with the rules of the language. This diversity exactly will add to the existing linguistic repertoire previously.
Language has two fundamental aspects namely sound and writing form, and the meaning namely on lexical and although functional and structural. If we look more closely, we will find a lot of difference in terms of sound or meaning, that because of the differences in geographic, cultural, and so forth. Thus, we can find many varieties of the language in a society.
Language variation in terms of users or speakers according to Chaer (2004: 62-64) distinguished on idiolect, dialect, kronolek, and sosiolek. Idiolect is a language that is individual variation. Dialect is a variation of language of a group of speakers who are relatively, which is at a place, region, or a particular area. Kronolek is language variations used by a social group in the particular period. Sosiolek is language variation related with status, class, class social the speakers, such as age, education, sex, occupation, state economy.
7.2.1 Some Variations of Language
• By Age.
Language variation by age is a language variation that used by the age level. For example, variations in the language of children will be different with the variations of older persons.
• By sex and Occupation
Language variation based on sex is a language variation associated with the gender namely, a man or woman. For example, variations in the language used by the mothers will different with variations for the language used by the fathers. For the variation by occupation is the language variation associated with the type of profession, job and task of the user language. For example variations which are used by the workers, teachers, and physicians certainly have different variations of the language.
• By Function
Language variation which related to the function called registers. The variation is related to the variation of language that used for the purpose or the areas such as the area of journalism, military, agriculture, education, and so on. Every areas activity usually has a specific vocabulary that is not used in other fields. For example, language in literature usually use of the word in terms of aesthetic. Variety of journalistic language also has certain characteristics, which are simple, communicative, and concise. Simple as to be understood easily; communicative because journalists have to deliver the news accurately, and concise because space limitations (in print), and time limitations (in electronic form). Essentially variation of languages referred to above is the variation of languages which shows the difference is according the speaker of the language.
Language variation also caused by the styles. Joss (in Soeparno, 2002: 75) distinguishes five kinds of styles based on the level of standardization. These five styles are as follows.
a. Frozen style
This style also referred as frozen style because its formation never changes from time to time.
b. Formal style
This style also referred as standard style. This style is used in official situations.
c. Consultative style
This style is also referred as effort style, because the form of this style located between formal and informal style. This style is usual used in business are.

d. Casual style
This style is also called informal or casual style. This style uses elements lexical dialect and regional elements.
e. Intimate style
This force is also a familiar style because it is usually used by speakers whose relations are already familiar each other.
7.3 Morphology
Such as phonology as branch of linguistic that discussed about units of language basic as sound, so morphology as the branch of sociolinguistic that discussed about some units of basic language grammatically. Morphology is part of language science that study about form of word and also changing form of word to meaning and grouping of word.
Based on Abdul Chaer`s view (2008: 3) “secara etimology kata morfologi berasal dari kata morf yang berarti “bentuk” dan kata logi yang berarti “ilmu”. Jadi secara harfiah kata morfologi berarti “ilmu mengenai bentuk”. Didalam kajian linguistic, morfologi berati “ilmu mengeani bentuk-bentuk dan pembentukan kata”; sedangkan di dalam kajian biologi morfologi berarti “ilmu mengenai bentuk-bentuk sel-sel tumbuhan atau jasad-jasad hidup”. Memang selain bidang linguistic, di dalam kajian biologi ada juga digunakan istilah morfologi. Kesamaannya, sama-sama mengkaji tentang bentuk.
According to George Yule (2010: 67), morphology as one of the branch of language science that discussed some problems refer to structure. Morphology discussed about word formation for grouping of word or class of word, form, and kind of affix, and also the meaning of affix.
7.4 Words
Word is a grammatical unit of the same kind as theoretical morpheme and sentence. The word can be defined as the smallest linguistic unit that can stand alone, the case of a single morpheme or of a combination of morphemes. The word is the smallest unit forming the syntactical construction (Finoza Lamuddin, 2005: 63). Word is the smallest unit in a language that is used to stand alone. Words refer to a particular physical realization of that lexeme in speech or writing. Word can also be seen as a representation of a lexeme that is associated with certain morph-syntactic such as noun, adjective, verb, tense, gender, number, etc. The following are the types of word classes:
2.4.1 Nouns
Noun is a word that is commonly used as a subject or object in a sentence. According to Jos Daniel Parera (1994: 9), a word in the noun classes in English, if that word can phrasal associated with words like: the, a, few, some. In English, the word can also be classified into morphological type’s noun, as an example, the suffix -er a word in English can be classified into class nouns, for example, farmer, writer, reader.
2.4.2 Verbs
Verbs have functions as the predicate in a sentence and express actions performed by the subject. Verb is a word that is doing the action or work. Characteristics of verb classes in English morphologically are processes inflection morphological to express tense, time, and person (Jos Daniel Parera, 1994: 10).
2.4.3 Adjective
Generally adjective can be characterized by phrasal of very, most. Morphologically, adjectives can be suffixed with -er, -est to express the degree of comparison (Jos Daniel Parera, 1994: 10).
7.5 Morphology Process
Based on Abdul Chaer`s view (2008: 25) “proses morfologi pada dasarnya adalah proses pembentukan kata dari sebuah bentuk dasar melalui pembubuhan afiks (dalam proses afiksasi), pengulangan (dalam proses reduplikasi), penggabungan (dalam proses komposisi), pemendekan (dalam proses akronimisasi), dan pengubahan setatus (dalam proses konversi)”
Word formation process is a way of forming new word by connected a morpheme to other morpheme. According to George Yule, (2010: 53) defined that Words –formation process is a way of forming new words or terms from the use of old words. The processes consist of coinage, borrowing, compounding, blending, clipping, back formation, conversion, acronyms, and derivation. Here some types of word formation:
7.5.1 Compounding
Compounding is a process of word formation by compounding two of word class or more than it’s become a new word. The process become from compounding noun with noun, adjective with noun, or noun with verb.
a. Compound from Noun and Noun.
Noun Noun Result
Credit Card Credit card
Air Port Airport
Class Room Classroom
Wall Paper wallpaper
b. Compound from Adjective and Noun
Adjective Noun Result
Black Board Blackboard
c. Compound from Noun and Verb
Verb Noun Result
Swear Word Swear word

7.5.2 Derivation
Derivation is a way of word formation by adding affixes, so that the result of word formation will produce word class and changing meaning.
a. Word Class
Invest (V) + Ment
Investment (N)
Understand (V) + Able
Understandable (Adj)
Hope (N) + Ful
Hopeful (Adj)
Sad (Adj) + Ness
Sadness (N)
b. Changing meaning of word but not changing word class by adding anti-, de-, dis-, in-, un-, mis-, re-.
Play Replay
Happy Unhappy
Represent Misrepresent
7.5.3 Back Formation

Back formation is a process that creates a new word by removing a real or supposed affix from another word in the language.
Example: Edit, from a word of “editor”, here there is a removing a morpheme “or” so that there is a changing of word class “editor” (N) become” edit” (V)
7.5.4 Clipping
Clipping is a word formation process by shortening a word by deleting one or more syllables.


7.5.5 Blending
A blending is a combination of two or more words to create a new one, usually by taking the beginning of the other word and the end of the other one.
Motor + Hotel Motel
Spoon + Fork Spork

7.5.6 Acronyms
Words derived from the initials of several words.

National Aeronautics and Space Agency NASA
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund UNICEF
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization UNESCO
Compact Disc CD
7.5.7 Coinage
Coinage, this phenomenon is especially common in cases where industry requires a new and attractive name for a product.
Kleenex for facial tissue
Xerox for photo copy
Honda for Motorcycle
Indomie for instant noodle

7.5.8 Conversion
Conversion is a word formation process changing word class without changing the form of word. (O’Grady & Guzman 1996: 157).
Butter N to V butter the bread
Must V to N doing the homework is a must

7.5.9 Borrowing
Taking over of words from other languages.
Democracy, derived from Greek language demos and cratos.

7.5.10 Inflection
It is a word formation by adding affixes so that it creates a new form without changing the word class or meaning Katamba, (1993: 47). According to William O’Grady (1997:161), there are some kinds of inflection:
a. Plural suffixes /-s/ which are added to noun
e.g : book ( books )
b. Plura suffixes /-en/ which are added to noun
e.g : child ( children )
c. Past tense morpheme /-ed/ which are addedd to verbs
e.g : watch ( watched )
d. Comparative morpheme /-er/ which are added to adjective
e.g : tall ( taller )
e. Comparative morpheme /-est/ which are added to adjective
e.g : tall ( tallest )
f. Present Progressive morpheme /-ing/ which are added to verbs
e.g : play ( playing )
g. Present tense morpheme /-es/-es/ which are added to verbs
e.g : play ( plays)
Watch (watches)
7.6 Alay language

Word of alay did not find in the Indonesian dictionary. Alay defined as Anak layangan, Anak lebay, Anak kelayapan and so on. The youngsters defined as the youngsters that did not ordinary in their attitude. The youngsters want to display their status to their friends.
According to Koentjara Ningrat in Annisa Meiriani (2014: 7) Alay adalah gejala yang dialami pemuda-pemudi Indonesia, yang ingin diakui statusnya diantara teman-temannya. Gejala ini akan mengubah gaya tulisan, dan gaya berpakain, sekaligus meningkatkan kenarsisan, yang cukup mengganggu masyarakat dunia maya (baca: Pengguna internet sejati, kayak blogger dan kaskuser). Diharapkan Sifat ini segera hilang, jika tidak akan mengganggu masyarakat sekitar.

Selo Soemaridjan in Annisa Meiriani (2014: 7) Alay adalah perilaku remaja Indonesia, yang membuat dirinya merasa keren, cantik, hebat diantara yang lain. Hal ini bertentangan dengan sifat Rakyat Indonesia yang sopan, santun, dan ramah. Faktor yang menyebabkan bisa melalui media TV (sinetron), dan musisi dengan dandanan seperti itu.”

One of characteristic alay language are the writing strangely. There are some ways in word formation of alay language namely; adding phoneme removing phoneme, acronym, replacement of letter, combination of capital latter, combination of letter and number, and combination of letter, number, symbol and acronym. Here some types of alay word formation:
7.6.1 Adding Phoneme
Adding of phone classified into three types: Protesis, Epentesis and paragog (Badudu, 1985: 63).
a. Protesis
Protesis is a process of word formation in alay language by adding vocal or consonant in the beginning of word.
Original Word Adding phoneme Meaning
Lihat Ngelihat See
Rasa Ngerasa Taste
b. Epentesis
Epentesis is an adding phoneme process by adding phoneme in the middle of word.
Original Word Adding phoneme Meaning
Perih Peurih Smarting
Apa Apha What

c. Paragog
Paragog is a process of word formation in alay language by adding phoneme in the last of word.
Original Word Adding phoneme Meaning
Aku Akuh I am
Ini Inih This

7.6.2 Removal Phoneme
There is three types of removing phoneme process, namely Aferesis, sinkop, and apokop.
a. Aferesis
Aferesis is a process of removing phoneme in the beginning of word.
Original Word Adding phoneme Meaning
Semua Mua All
Sama Ama Same
b. Sinkop
Sinkop is a process of removing phoneme in middle of word.

Original Word Adding phoneme Meaning
Bangun Banun Wake up
Mau Mu Will

c. Apokop
Apokop is process of removing phoneme in the last of word.
Original Word Adding phoneme Meaning
ada Ad There is
apa Ap what

7.6.3 Shortness
a. Abbreviation
Abbreviation is one of the shortening process results in the form of a letter or combination of letters, which spelled out letter by letter (Kridalaksana, 1992: 162).
Alay Original language Meaning
BOS Bekas Orang Susah Ex poor man
BF Teman baik Best Friend
HTDJ Hati-hati di Jalan Be careful on the way

b. Acronym

The acronym is a shortened process that combines letters or syllables or other part that is written and pronounced as a word that more or less meets the rules fonotaktik Indonesian (Kridalaksana, 1992: 162).
Alay Original language Meaning
gaje gak jelas Is not clear
hadija hati-hati di jalan Be careful on the way
novi nonton tv Watching TV

7.6.4 Replacement a letter
Replacement of the letters contained in the written language. Wijana in Khaerul said that “dalam bahasa lisan terdapat perubahan bunyi (vokal dan konsonan) yaitu seperti dalam perubahan yang dilakukan untuk meniru ucapan anak-anak”.

Alay language Original language Meaning
Chayang Sayang Honey
Teyuz Terus Continue
Tatut Takut Afraid

7.6.5 The combination of Capital and Lowercase Letters
The combination of uppercase and lowercase are wide Alay language that uses lowercase then combined with capital letters with some abbreviation Fanayun (2010: 64)
Alay language Original language Meaning
mBrikan Memberikan Give
sLmNa Selamanya Forever
KmOe Kamu You
KrMat Keramat Sacred
sMpUrNa Sempurna Perfect

7.6.6 The combination of Letters and Numbers
The combination of letters and numbers is a range of Alay language that uses numbers instead of letters (Fanayun, 2010: 64).
Alay Original language Meaning
thx 4 coment thanks buat commentnya Thanks for your comenet

7.6.7 The combination of Letters, Numbers, Symbol, and Abbreviation
The combination of letter, number, symbol and acronym is the variants of alay language that use familiar symbols or not. The important thing in the choosing of symbols is the resemblance between the symbol and letter in the Indonesian language. (Fanayun, 2010: 64). Such as:
• @ = a

Alay Original language Meaning
di@m tanPa k@ta diam tanpa kata Silent without a word
• ! = i

Alay Original language Meaning
mn9k!n nNt! mungkin nanti May be later
7.7 Emoticons
Emoticons (Indonesian: emotion icons) is a symbol or combination of symbols that are commonly used to describe human facial expressions that contain emotion or feeling in the form of messages or posts. Etymologically, the word “emoticon” is a combination of two words in the English language, ie emotion, which means emotion and icon, which means the symbol. According to Wolf (2009), emoticons use multiple characters to display natural feelings of a person. Commonly emoticons used in text short messages, e-mails, as well as on Internet forums, such as chat-rooms and blogs. Emoticons were created as compensation from the inability of delivering tone of voice, facial expressions, and body gestures in written communication. Therefore, emoticons bridge the gap between writing messages to face-to-face conversation by giving the reader an overview of what is meant by the author to show the expressions. Emoticons occupies an important role in online communication, because of emoticons can be a very effective means to avoid the interpretation error message. The following are some examples of commonly used emoticons in online communication.

8. Research Method
In this research the writer will explain about the method that will be used, it will help the writer to answer the research question in this research. This research methodology consist on the research design, data sources, research instrument, technique of collecting data, and also technique of data analyze.
8.1 Research Approach
The researcher used descriptive qualitative method in his analysis to answer the statements of problem. According to Sugiyono (2010.1) that “metode penelitian kualitatif adalah metode penelitian yang digunakan untuk meneliti pada suatu kondisi obyek yang alamiah, (sebagai lawannya adalah eksperimen) dimana peneliti adalah sebagai instrument kunci, dan hasil dari penelitian kualitatif ini lebih menekankan makna daripada generalisasi”.

In order to make easier in understanding about it, the researcher also gives other definition of the qualitative methods that is translated by Arief Furhan from Bogdan and Taylor’s definition. They say that qualitative method is research procedure that produces descriptive data in researchers or focus and the behavior observed from the subject (1992: 21-22). While Hadari Nawawi also stated that “ penelitian kualitatif dapat diartikan sebagai rangkaian kegiatan atau proses menjaring informasi, dari kondisi sewajarnya dalam kehidupan suatu obyek, dihubungkan dengan pemecahan suatu masalah baik dari sudut pandang teoritis maupun praktis (1995: 209)
The aim of the descriptive method itself is to obtain systematically description and accurate facts. It concerns with the collected data that often uses words or sentences. Since they are in the form of words or utterance, there are several ways to obtain them such as doing interview, taking note, recording and videotapes etc.
According to Bagdan and Biklen which quoted from Sugiyono said that there are five characteristic of qualitative research method, they are:
1. Qualitative research has the natural setting as the direct source of data and researcher is the key instrument.
2. Qualitative research is descriptive. The data collected is in the form of word of pictures rather that number.
3. Qualitative research is concerned with process rather than simply with outcomes or products.
4. Qualitative research tends to analyze their data inductively.
5. “Meaning” is of essential to qualitative approach.
Based on the explanation above, the qualitative method is a suitable way to conduct this research. The purpose of descriptive qualitative method is for describe vocabularies in alay language. In the description, will explain about forms of alay language and word formation of alay language morphologically.
8.2 Data Source
According to Cambridge Dictionary, data is information, especially facts or numbers, collected to be examined and considered and used to help decision-making, or information in an electronic form that can be stored and processed by computer. Based on Juliansyah Noor, data is one of components of research; it means that there will not be a research if there is no data. In research, data must be valid or when it is not, so will be a mistake in conducting the research. So that is why it is needed to tkate the data correctly. (2012: 102).
Based on explain above, the researcher will explain some source of data for this research. In this research, the researcher used two kinds of data. Namely students` facebook MA At-Tarbiyah and students answer from the interview. The first source of the data was the description of alay language used by students. The second source of data was the result of the questioner and interview to some students by using several questions. The students are who attended the class that the researcher observed.
8.3 Data Instrument
In doing research researcher need some tools to be flexible in collecting data those tools are facebook which is use for classify the forms of language that used by students. And the second the researcher used questioner sheet as tool to get more information about the casual factors the students used alay language.
8.4 Technique of Collecting Data
In this research, in order to get better the result of this research, the researcher has to use the basic technique of data collecting. For this research, the writer collected the data from Facebook that consist alay language that used by students on facebook. On the Facebook the writer collect the data from status, comment on the status in Facebook.
Another way the researcher used questioning and interviewing students in collecting data. The researcher gave them some questionnaire sheet which consists of some question related to the topic in this study. From the questioner the researcher will know the causal factors of students used alay language on facebook.
8.5 Technique of Data Analysis
There many steps in analyzing the data, they are:
1. Understanding the data, that is about alay language that used by students of MA 1 At-Tarbiyah.
2. Grouping or putting the examples of alay language into the table.
3. Analyzing the data by using the theory that appropriate with the data analysis.
4. Describe the data from the result of interview to know the casual factors students of MA 1 At-Tarbiyah used alay language on their facebooks.
5. Concluding the result of the analysis.
That all the researcher tried to do in this research analysis. Hopefully, it can help researcher as the guidance in conducting the research. The researcher realize that without this research method it impossible to finish this research.

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Wulandari,Linda.S.“Penggunaan-bahasa-alay-dalam-jejaring-sosial ”http://bahasa.kompasiana.com/2012/09/05 (posted on 3 januari 2013)
Khaerul. Pembentukan bahasa alay. 27 Sebtember 2014

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